In March 2017, the Republican Party introduced the American Health Care Act of 2017 (“AHCA”) in the House of Representatives. This bill was the first of several Congressional proposals aimed at repealing or replacing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (commonly referred to as the “ACA” or “Obamacare”).
The U.S. House of Representatives proposed the AHCA on March 6, 2017, and amended it on March 20, 2017. Though the bill stalled in the House for several weeks, Republicans amended the AHCA to include options that would appease both the most conservative and moderate party members. On May 4, 2017, the House passed in the House of Representatives by a vote of 217 to 213.
However, the AHCA was deeply unpopular with the public, and as a result, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell announced that Senate Republican leadership would draft its own ACA repeal and replace bill. This became the basis for the Better Care Reconciliation Act (“BCRA”), which Republican leadership released on June 22, 2017. This bill, which largely reflected the AHCA, was also unpopular with the public. As a result, the Senate entered a “vote-a-thon” where it introduced and voted on many different healthcare bills, including the Obamacare Repeal Reconciliation Act (“ORRA”), which would have completely repealed the ACA without a replacement. None of these bills garnered enough votes to pass.
After the failure in the Senate, some Republican Senators, such as Senator Susan Collins, vowed to work with Democratic Party leaders to draft a bipartisan bill to address gaps in the ACA. However, in September 2017, right before the reconciliation process was set to expire, Senators Lindsey Graham, Bill Cassidy, Dean Heller, and Ron Johnson released a bill (commonly referred to as the “Graham-Cassidy Bill”) that addressed the individual mandate, Medicaid funding, and a few other items. Several moderate conservative Senators opposed the bill, and as a result, it was not brought to the floor.
This page serves as an archive of those bills.